Year 5
These are the key skills that each child will be working towards in Year 5.
By the end of Year 5, children should be able to confidently:
Number and place value:
 read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit
 count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1 000 000
 interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero
 round any number up to 1 000 000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 and 100 000
 solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above
 read Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.
Addition and Subtraction:
 add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)
 add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers
 use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy
 solve addition and subtraction multistep problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

Multiplication and Division:

Fractions, decimals and percentages:
 compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
 identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths
 recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number [for example, 2/5 + 4/5 = 6/5 = 1 and 1/5 ]
 add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and denominators that are multiples of the same number
 multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams read and write decimal numbers as fractions [for example, 0.71 = 71/100 ]
 recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents
 round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place
 read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places
 solve problems involving number up to three decimal places
 recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per hundred’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal
 solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2 , 1/4 , 1/5 , 2/5 , 4/5 and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.
Measurement:
 convert between different units of metric measure (for example, kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre)
 understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints
 measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres
 calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2 ) and square metres (m2 ) and estimate the area of irregular shapes
 estimate volume [for example, using 1 cm3 blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [for example, using water]
 solve problems involving converting between units of time
 use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [for example, length, mass, volume, money] using decimal notation, including scaling.
Geometry  properties of shapes:
 identify 3D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2D representations
 know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
 draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (o )
 identify:
 angles at a point and one whole turn (total 360o )
 angles at a point on a straight line and 1/2 a turn (total 180o )
 other multiples of 90o
 use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles
 distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles.
Geometry  position and direction:
 identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed.
Statistics:
 solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph
 complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables.