# Year 1

These are the key skills that each child will be working towards in Year 1

By the end of Year 1 all children should be able to confidently:

Number and place value:

• count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
• count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens
• given a number, identify one more and one less  identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
• read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.

#### Addition and Subtraction:

• read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (–) and equals (=) signs
• represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
• add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero
• solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = – 9

#### Multiplication and Division:

• solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.

Fractions:

• recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
• recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.

Measurement:

• compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
• lengths and heights [for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half]
• mass/weight [for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than]
• capacity and volume [for example, full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter]
• time [for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later]
• measure and begin to record the following:
• lengths and heights  mass/weight  capacity and volume  time (hours, minutes, seconds)
• recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes
• sequence events in chronological order using language [for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening]
• recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years  tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

#### Geometry - property of shapes:

• recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:
• 2-D shapes [for example, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]
• 3-D shapes [for example, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres].

Geometry - position and direction:

• describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three quarter turns.